The Road of Educational Informationization under the New Technology Revolution. The rise of the new technological revolution has pushed mankind into a new era dominated by knowledge economy. How to implement ubiquitous education in the era of knowledge economy has become the focus of attention of all countries in the 21st century. Technological revolution referred to as industry 4.0.
The education information closely related to the development and the development of information technology, the direct effect of information technology to bring education to promote knowledge update cycle is shorter, at the same time, economic globalization makes the talent competition and the knowledge structure also has an international. All of these characteristics make education move from inside the campus to outside the campus, and the object of education is no longer limited to students.
The maturity of cloud computing, Internet, and smart terminal technology (cloud ICT environment) has accelerated the transformation of global-oriented educational resources to virtual, global, interactive and open: mobile Internet classrooms, ubiquitous learning resources and Community and student-centered personalized teaching is subverting the traditional education based on fixed classrooms, fixed teachers, and fixed courses.
The informatization of social education that integrates the characteristics of family, school, and social comprehensive education will gradually take the stage. And it must be able to solve the problems of “digital divide” caused by economic differences, “information islands” caused by technological differences, and “accelerated knowledge replacement”.
Innovations and changes brought by the cloud computing environment to the education industry:
1. Cloud computing is a business model:
In the past 10 years, the innovation and integration of cloud data centers, networks, and smart terminals by companies represented by Google, Cisco, and Apple have gradually brought cloud computing-based services to the public.
Cloud computing integrates the virtualization of cloud data centers, the broadbandization of networks, and the intelligent characteristics of terminals, making it possible for users to obtain services anytime, anywhere, and on demand, which is bringing disruptive changes to traditional education.
2. Changes in learning mode:
With the accumulation of the past few decades, the literature and materials have basically been digitized. Cloud computing unifies the digital materials scattered in every corner of the world through the Internet, and provides users with a shared distribution platform, such as: Google Digital Library.
At the same time, terminal computing equipment is gradually popularizing the characteristics of mobile, interconnected, and intelligent, making it possible for rich intelligent perception, virtual reality interaction, and natural language processing to gradually realize remote Face-to-Face between people through smart terminals.
3. Experience interaction:
The internationalization of resource sharing, social interaction, and collaboration enables students to learn online interactively through remote video collaboration. The channels for acquiring knowledge are no longer limited to teachers, classrooms, and libraries. They can make plans according to their own pace, preferences, and problems. Can be solved in time through abundant network resources and collaboration.
The reform of teaching mode: Due to the development of information technology, the amount of knowledge possessed by the faculty is extremely small in the massive network resources. In order to attract students in the classroom, only those teaching resources that can provide continuous innovation, lively and interesting.
Only the school can create value from education and have stronger vitality. In the era of cloud computing, teachers are gradually changing from imparting knowledge to facilitators guiding students to acquire knowledge, and the traditional “one book” teaching model is no longer suitable.
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The era of cloud computing has made itunesU, Coursera, Udacity and Edx and other online education platforms related to data analysis popular, so that more knowledge-hungry people can have educational opportunities that are only available in higher education institutions as long as they go online.
You don’t have to go. What University, you can learn a wide range of courses from basic statistics to natural language processing and machine learning at home. “Openness, integration, and sharing” are becoming the main characteristics of education in the new era. You can read more on the Fourth industrial revolution.