This is an in-depth interpretation of Microsoft’s Cloud Computing “Strategy”. Cloud settlement lacks mutual compatibility and standards, and a single vendor locks in the possibility of service interruption, violation of security or privacy regulations, the provider suspends your account, data loss or complete closure.

Various vendor strategies have been staged. Apple and Oracle are vivid examples of proprietary lock-in models. The open source supported by Google is not completely open source. VMware has combined its high-profit virtualization business and acquired software companies to create a balanced approach. A hybrid model of proprietary and open source.

Amazon is an interesting example. It has a very good proprietary product-AWS, but then it is still compatible with the open source product Eucalyptus. It suddenly found itself formed with other proprietary products and other AWS-compatible cloud providers. In addition to competition, it is more interesting that Amazon is now building a local cloud compatible with AWS.

In this context, Microsoft’s cloud strategy has no outstanding highlights. On the surface, it has almost no unity or corporate cohesion. Microsoft seems to deliberately pursue different and sometimes conflicting strategies, but the actual situation is that Microsoft may have a feasible long-term cloud strategy.

The key to this strategy is Azure-Microsoft’s Platform as a Service (PaaS) product. Microsoft provides developers with a set of tools that allow them to create software as a service (SaaS) applications, which are supported by large-scale redundant data center infrastructure.

Sell ​​licenses to make money

This is a typical Microsoft model, but it is not as simple as that. The foundation of Azure is IIS, SQL,. NET, Hyper-V and some old Microsoft technologies. If you don’t like the products Microsoft provides for Azure, you can get its software stack license and build your own products.

Obviously, if Microsoft does not directly provide the applications you need, you should use the SaaS applications hosted on Azure by other developers.

Microsoft has a long-term vision. It believes that all businesses in the future will be transferred to a hosted cloud model. Hosted email has a history of 15 years, and enterprise users have at least 7 years of history.

Microsoft’s traditional business model is no longer, but it has already received generous returns in software licensing and will continue to generate revenue for a long time.

Microsoft’s Azure Appliance is likely to be released next year. It will be deployed in a containerized manner for customers who need to control their own data. These containers are only open to users who plan to purchase more than 1,000 servers. The underlying infrastructure is maintained by Microsoft.

Move it, Move it

Microsoft continues to integrate Azure into its operating system. Your data can move seamlessly between locally hosted applications and applications hosted in the Microsoft cloud. Products in the ServiceOS and WindowsLive families are expected to provide data portability across networks Sex.

Traditional hosted applications can also work. Microsoft provides hosted versions of Exchange (including Forefront), Communicator/Lync, Sharepoint, DynamicsCRM, Office, and new Office365. Microsoft has also released Windows Intune, a hosted desktop management service, which is equivalent to WindowsServer Upgrade Service and System-Center-Configuration-Manager (SCCM).

Microsoft has also integrated the SaaS market. Google has provided an excellent method for SaaS and has passed the test of time. There is no doubt that Microsoft will do the same. Importantly, Microsoft embraces HTML5.

Build Your Own Cloud

For managed cloud services, the metric you need to analyze is cost or availability. When you consider vendor lock-in, things get darker. Data ownership, data format standards, application portability, and other considerations may all affect your choice of another provider.

Currently, Azure applications cannot be directly ported to locally hosted Microsoft infrastructure. There are many API branches used in Azure, but they are slowly being merged together. These differences need to disappear completely.

Although Microsoft entered the cloud service later, it can host your SaaS applications on the infrastructure of your own choice. Microsoft’s real competitors are Google or Amazon.

Why bring war into your own position? It is better to change the rules, use the local plus hosting model to fight back, and force closed providers to compete with your game rules.

Part of this approach should include the license for privatized deployment of Azure. A university container hosted by Microsoft is a good start. It shows that Microsoft can shrink Azure to suit private cloud deployment.

Even better, it allows providers to provide their own Azure services, so we have the opportunity to choose Azure clouds operated and maintained by Dell, HP , IBM, Microsoft, and Rackspce. This is of great help in creating an open and competitive landscape.

Almost all competitors are busy establishing standards and the foundation of cloud infrastructure, including RedHat, Canonical and other open source companies. Many providers are developing end-to-end open source clouds, which can be local, hosted or hybrid. .

Fair competition

Open source infrastructure as a service (IaaS) providers can host Microsoft operating systems, it is only a matter of time. As long as Microsoft maintains a high-quality integrated product stack, there is no need to worry about competition from open source products.

Although Internet critics dislike it, Microsoft has always been competing legitimately. If you simply compare a certain product, Microsoft may not be the best one, but its software and service stack together are unmatched.

A few open source companies have created strong competition for Microsoft, especially for enterprise customers. Microsoft should pay attention to interoperability and integration to make it easier for open source users to add Microsoft products to their existing IT hybrid environment.

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Interoperability has another benefit: everyone is at ease. If customers need to leave the Microsoft ecosystem, they can leave with confidence and can do it at any time. This will be a very powerful selling point.

Azure needs to directly compete with other PaaS products, so it provides a way to attract companies and individuals to participate in the Microsoft ecosystem.

The primary issue of hosted cloud is trust. Those who purchase cloud services not only need to trust their hosting provider, but also need to know that they can transfer data to other places. Surprisingly, Microsoft is the most suitable candidate.