Operators are about to accelerate Cloud Computing Layout. In recent years, cloud computing has flourished and grown rapidly. According to Gartner’s forecast, as the recognition of cloud computing services continues to increase, the rapid growth of the cloud computing service market will continue until at least 2025. In 2020, the total revenue of the global cloud computing service market will exceed 350 billion US dollars, and it will break through 2030; 380 billion US dollars.

Cloud computing is an important part of the new generation of information technology. Major developed countries have formulated cloud computing national strategies to seize the commanding heights of the new generation of information technology. The “Decision of the State Council on Accelerating the Cultivation and Development of Strategic Emerging Industries” issued in 2010 listed the new generation of information technology as the second of the seven strategic emerging industries following energy conservation and environmental protection, and clearly stated that it should “promote the research and development of cloud computing”. And demonstration applications”.

With the rapid development of cloud computing today, my country’s three major telecom operators also use cloud computing technology to build private clouds within enterprises, build platforms based on the cloud computing architecture, and provide cloud computing services for the internal needs of enterprises to improve resource utilization.

Reduce the cost of investment and operation. At present, my country’s three major telecom operators have all released overall strategies and goals for the development of cloud computing.

Operators Rise to the Cloud Boom

It is understood that most of the world’s well-known telecom operators have already set foot in the cloud computing field. For example, BT has launched a variety of services in the SaaS application field and has a carrier-grade PaaS platform. Another example is AT&T’s application hosting service-pay-as-you-go use of virtual hosting and storage with security and network functions, and Verizon has launched cloud computing services.

China’s three major telecom operators for example started actual deployments since 2012, clarifying cloud computing development plans, and gradually achieving industry landing.

Not long ago, Zhang Tongxu, vice president of China Mobile Design Institute, publicly stated that for telecom operators, cloud computing is the only way for the future. But in the intricate cloud computing technology and application scenarios, the most urgent thing is how to realize the cloudification of huge IT assets.

In his view, operators’ IT assets are large in scale, extremely low in utilization, long in deployment cycles, and difficult in operation and maintenance; and the construction of cloud support through IT can effectively avoid and solve the above problems. As a pioneer in the cloudification of operators’ IT assets, Zhang Tongxu gave a detailed introduction to China Mobile’s new progress and evolution path in this field.

Judging from the current state of China Mobile’s cloudification practice, it mainly includes three major tasks: first, virtualize the resource pool to achieve unified management of the three levels of Saas/Paas/Iaas; secondly, the introduction of virtual desktops will More capabilities are migrated to the network; in addition, China Mobile has also carried out some beneficial practices in distributed computing and big data storage in response to the closed and high cost problems of traditional minicomputers.

The newly completed China Telecom Cloud Computing Inner Mongolia Information Park is currently the largest cloud computing data center in Asia. Since 2009, China Telecom has promoted the in-depth development of cloud computing.

In the past two years, it has conducted multi-directional IT and IDC cloud computing technology field trials, and implemented computing virtualization, storage virtualization, virtual desktop and other technologies in the enterprise’s internal IT and office Large-scale applications have been carried out in the desktop and other fields.

China Unicom focuses on the development of various applications in the field of cloud computing, taking the lead in launching the cloud computing platform WoCloud version 1.0, and at the end of 2012, the cloud computing integrated management platform WoCloud 2.0 version.

It is reported that China Unicom will update again in September this year, launching WoCloud3.0 version of the intelligent cloud computing integrated management platform, which will provide a wider range of integrated external services and component capabilities, optimize the operation and development environment, and fully support IT support and systems , Business application platform sharing, open intelligent service capabilities.

Opportunities and Challenges of Cloud Computing

The arrival of cloud computing means a huge opportunity for operators: the long-term brand and user trust formed by operators will give operators a unique advantage in the cloud computing era; in addition, the long-term accumulated resources of operators include The huge network, IDC, operation support system and other infrastructures give operators a first-mover advantage. Read more about Opportunities and Challenges of Cloud Computing.

Zhou Zhengang, research manager of IDC’s China Enterprise System and Software Research Department, believes that telecommunications services can also be regarded as cloud services in a broad sense. Many value-added telecommunications services currently in operation are in fact fully in line with the definition of cloud services.

Therefore, we can say that cloud computing is essentially a kind of telecom value-added service expressed through IT equipment, systems or software. IDC predicts that in the near future, cloud computing will become a rapid growth point for telecom operators in terms of value-added services.

However, Zhou Zhengang also said that telecom operators face many challenges in the cloud computing market, such as insufficient user awareness and security issues. In addition, because the cloud computing market has just started, the current investment in public cloud computing services has not been able to get immediate income. This is also a big problem for telecom operators with higher profit requirements.

In addition, some people in the industry believe that cloud computing is also facing the challenge of broadband difficulties, because once the cloud is established, broadband is a problem that must be solved, and it must be an all-optical network.

In fact, there is still a big gap between the broadband services provided by China’s major communications operators and developed countries. Insufficient broadband internet speed hinders the application of public and private clouds. China lacks a broadband network that can support cloud computing across the country.

Looking at the world, it is not telecom operators that take the lead in cloud computing, but Internet companies. Zhu Qiliang, a professor at Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, for example, said that the best of them, such as Google and Amazon, mainly provide IaaS services.

In addition, IT companies, such as Microsoft and IBM, mainly provide PaaS services. Software companies such as Oracle mainly provide IaaS. And PaaS services. Apple and other terminal manufacturers focus on providing IaaS and PaaS services. Telecom equipment manufacturers, such as Cisco, focus their efforts on PaaS services. At present, the above-mentioned companies have entered or are preparing to enter the cloud computing market in China .

In the face of China’s cloud computing market being watched by overseas giants, China’s cloud computing industry needs to be dominated by Chinese companies themselves. Computing resources are similar to the basic resources of hydropower, and at the national level, the control of basic resources.

Always adhere to the principle of autonomy, I believe that the state will also provide a lot of assistance for telecom operators to develop the cloud computing industry. At this historic moment of opportunity, telecom operators should break through difficult problems, seize opportunities, and at the same time formulate policies and strategies, carry out scientific development, and avoid overheating of investment and waste of resources.