4 Type of Degrees you can find in College, Polytechnics and Universities

There are different type of degrees you can find in college, polytechnics and universities across the world. I will start by explaining the different types degrees for Colleges in foreign countries, African Polytechnics and Nigerian Universities. Also, I will talk about a few ones in a straightforward way so that you can easily understand it.

There are a few degree and each one has its own purpose and path. The main purpose of a college degree is to provide you with a comprehensive education and the specialized skills needed for their chosen careers. It serves as a pathway to knowledge and career opportunities, enabling personal growth and professional development.

Therefore, in this article, we will look at different kinds of college degrees and these include associate degrees, bachelor’s degrees, master’s degrees, doctoral degrees, and professional certificates. So, let us break it down and make it clear for you.

Post secondary students have four main types of degrees to pick from, listed in order of complexity: associate, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees.

The time it takes to earn one of these degrees varies from 2 to 8 years, depending on the degree level and field of study.

Before entering a graduate-level university program, students might need to finish one or more undergraduate programs.

When comparing these degrees, students can think about which program aligns best with their career goals and academic interests. Remember that a high school diploma is a requirement for all college degrees.

Types of College Degrees

Here are the four main types of college degrees which include.

  1. Associate degree
  2. Bachelor’s degree
  3. Master’s degree
  4. Doctoral degree

Now, lets dig into it properly.

1. Associate Degrees

Among the four major types of college degrees, the associate’s degree is generally considered the easiest to earn.

Associate-level programs offer you various degrees tailored to different careers.

These 2-year programs often offer the training needed for entry-level jobs in fields like nursing, graphic design, and other vocational areas.

You can usually find associate degree programs at community colleges and technical schools.

Graduating from an associate degree program can open up job opportunities for you.

Some associate degree programs are transferable and include the essential general education courses required for continuing your education at a 4-year university.

2. Bachelor’s Degrees

A bachelor’s degree is an undergraduate program that typically lasts for four years.

To enroll in a bachelor’s degree program, students need to pick a specific field of study, like finance, history, communications, or biology.

After completing a bachelor’s degree, graduates can apply for jobs in entry-level or management positions, depending on their chosen field.

In many cases, a bachelor’s degree is a prerequisite for getting into a graduate program.

3. Master’s Degrees

The next step in the degree ranking is the master’s degree. These are graduate programs that allow students to specialize in a particular field.

Master’s degree programs usually last for 1-2 years.

To join a master’s degree program, you generally need to have an undergraduate degree and meet certain academic requirements, like maintaining a minimum GPA and achieving a qualifying score on a graduate entrance exam like the Graduate Record Examination (GRE).

A lot of master’s degree programs ask students to complete a thesis or capstone project as part of their graduation requirements.

Having a master’s degree can make graduates eligible for advanced or executive-level jobs.

Its worth nothing that some doctoral programs may also require applicants to have a master’s degree as an entry requirement.

4. Doctoral Degrees

Doctoral degree programs, often called PhD programs, are the highest level of college degrees.

Since these programs are the most advanced, getting admitted might need you to have a master’s degree, although some accept applicants with just bachelor’s degrees.

To get into these programs, you may also have to provide standardized test scores and recommendation letters.

Completing a PhD program usually takes several years and often involves writing a dissertation and undertaking a significant research project.

In the last years of a medical-related doctoral program, students might have to do real hands-on work with patients.

When you are going for a doctorate, picking the right college is crucial because the funding and requirements can differ a lot.

After earning a PhD, graduates can work as business or research experts, and they can also become college professors.

Types of Degrees in Polytechnics

Polytechnics offer a range of degree programs, typically focused on practical and technical education. The specific degrees available may vary by institution, but some common types of degrees offered in polytechnics include:

1. Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech):

This is a common degree offered by polytechnics, emphasizing the application of technology in various fields such as engineering, computer science, and information technology.

2. Bachelor of Science (B.Sc):

Polytechnics may offer B.Sc degrees in areas like applied sciences, mathematics, and business-related fields.

3. Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng):

These degrees focus on various branches of engineering, including civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and more.

4. Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA):

This degree program covers various aspects of business, including management, marketing, finance, and entrepreneurship.

5. Bachelor of Applied Arts (B.A.A):

Some polytechnics offer B.A.A degrees in fields like graphic design, multimedia, and fine arts.

6. Bachelor of Education (B.Ed):

Polytechnics may offer B.Ed degrees with a focus on technical or vocational education.

7. Bachelor of Health Sciences (BHS):

These degrees may cover areas like healthcare administration, health information management, or medical laboratory technology.

8. Bachelor of Hospitality Management (BHM):

This program is geared towards students interested in the hospitality and tourism industry.

9. Bachelor of Social Sciences (B.Soc.Sc):

These degrees may encompass disciplines like social work, sociology, and psychology.

10. Bachelor of Environmental Science (B.Env.Sc):

These programs focus on environmental issues, sustainability, and related fields.

11. Bachelor of Applied Technology (B.Appl.Tech):

This degree emphasizes the practical application of technology in various industries.

12. Bachelor of Computing (B.Comp):

Focusing on computer science and information technology, this degree covers topics like software development, networking, and cybersecurity.

13. Bachelor of Design (B.Des):

These programs are related to design fields such as industrial design, fashion design, and interior design.

Types of degrees in Nigerian Universities

Nigerian universities offer a wide range of degree programs across various disciplines. Here are some common types of degrees available in Nigerian universities:

1. Bachelor of Arts (B.A.):

This degree covers humanities and social sciences subjects such as history, literature, philosophy, sociology, and more.

2. Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.):

B.Sc. degrees are typically awarded in natural sciences, mathematics, and various scientific disciplines, including physics, chemistry, biology, computer science, and more.

3. Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng.):

These degrees focus on engineering disciplines such as civil engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and chemical engineering.

4. Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech):

Similar to B.Eng., B.Tech degrees emphasize the practical application of technology and engineering concepts.

5. Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA):

BBA programs cover business-related subjects like management, marketing, finance, and entrepreneurship.

6. Bachelor of Laws (LL.B):

LL.B programs prepare students for careers in law and legal practice.

7. Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS):

This is the standard degree for medical doctors and is awarded after the completion of medical school.

8. Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm):

B.Pharm programs are for aspiring pharmacists and focus on pharmaceutical sciences and practice.

9. Bachelor of Education (B.Ed):

B.Ed programs prepare students for careers in education, covering teaching methods, educational psychology, and curriculum development.

10. Bachelor of Nursing Science (B.NSc):

These programs are designed for students pursuing careers in nursing and healthcare.

11. Bachelor of Agriculture (B.Agric):

B.Agric programs cover agricultural sciences, agribusiness, and related fields.

12. Bachelor of Environmental Management (B.Env.Mgt):

These programs focus on environmental science, conservation, and management.

13. Bachelor of Social Work (BSW):

BSW programs train students for careers in social work, counseling, and human services.

14. Bachelor of Arts in Communication (B.A. Communication):

These programs cover communication studies, including journalism, public relations, and media production.

15. Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch):

B.Arch programs prepare students for careers in architecture and building design.

16. Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA):

BFA programs are offered in fields like visual arts, performing arts, and creative writing.

17. Bachelor of Computer Science (B.Comp.Sc):

These programs focus on computer science, software development, and related areas.

18. Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS):

BDS programs train students to become dentists and oral health professionals.

19. Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM):

DVM programs prepare students for careers in veterinary medicine and animal care.

20. Bachelor of Social Sciences (B.Soc.Sc):

These degrees cover social science disciplines such as economics, sociology, political science, and geography.

These are just a few examples of the types of degrees available in Nigerian universities. Note that each university may offer additional specialized programs, and the availability of specific degrees can be different from one institution to another.


In summary, college degrees come in different types, from associate to doctoral. Each one takes a certain amount of time and effort. Picking the right program and school is key. With a degree, you can handle various jobs and even become a professor.

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